(See on Mt 12:22-45.) They were specialists in trifles and externals. This is Woe 1. " Jesus' strong rebuke of the Pharisees, just delivered, had not specifically mentioned the lawyers; but, as many of the lawyers were also Pharisees, the one who spoke up here felt that his class also had been insulted. And the Lord said unto him, Now ye the Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter; but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness. This refers to a murder which those very persons whom Jesus was addressing had committed. The amazing similarity of the synoptic Gospels in their records of the teaching here, coupled with the equally amazing differences, presents a problem that may be resolved fully and satisfactorily only by understanding them as independent, trustworthy records of different events; and this writer agrees with A. T. Robertson, who, in his "Harmony of the Gospels," made Mark and Matthew parallel and Luke independent in this section. These were "seats at the front of the synagogue, around the pulpit, or lectern, and faced the congregation. They engaged Jesus in conversation, plying him with questions, with only one thing in view: that of extorting, by any means, some word which they might use as a pretext for the murder of Jesus which they had already decided to accomplish. Matthew called him "Zachariah the son of Barachiah" (Matthew 23:35); and, although it is fully possible that Jehoida and Barachiah are the same person (many Hebrews had more than one name), yet there is no proof of it. The teaching here is that carnal man will honor the request of his children, and that it must be received that God, whose loving righteousness is infinitely beyond any loving-kindness of a mere earthly father, will, in a far greater degree, respond to the just petitions of his spiritual children. Therefore, the sign of Jonah is here understood in the light of Matthew 12:40, as the death, burial, resurrection of the Christ, this being the great sign which Jesus promised that generation; and it should be noted that the sign was yet to be given, a future occurrence, whereas the preaching of Jesus had already been going on for years. This teaching is in an entirely different context in Mark.  Everett F. Harrison, op. This has the weight of: "Do you really think that God cares about external cleanness only, and not about internal cleanness?" B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1962), p. 115. cit., p. 218. Trench has this: Such shamelessness in prayer (for that is what the Greek word means) is exemplified by Abraham who pleaded for Sodom and the cities of the plain (Genesis 18:23ff), by Jacob who wrestled with the angel of the covenant (Genesis 32:28), and by pleading of the Syro-Phoenician woman (Matthew 15:21). The borrower = all who would be a blessing to others. Pricked in conscience at last, a lawyer responded. Prayer is one of the great laws of natural religion. Luke 11 begins with Jesus “praying in a certain place.” When he has finished praying, one of his disciples asks, “Lord, teach us to pray…” (11:1). 1 It happened, that when he finished praying in a certain place, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples. The success of the mission at such an inappropriate time = the fact God is ready to bless his children in any situation, regardless of the direst extremities.SIZE>MONO>LINES>. This COULD be a description of the same place; but McGarvey denied this. If Christians hope to be forgiven, they must also forgive. How natural it was that the Pharisees would have renewed a charge ascribing Jesus' power to Satan, and how logical that Jesus would have replied to it with strikingly similar words and illustrations. Josephus even gives the name of a third "Zacharias, son of Baruch" who was slain about thirty-four years after Jesus spoke this. " Phillips' translation catches the spirit of the Lord's word in this place thus: "You show clearly enough how you approve your fathers' actions. A commentator whom we shall not name said, "Of course, it is not wrong to sit in the chief seats; it is only wrong to LOVE such things!". If the two passages are indeed accounts of a single occasion, the entire event may be known by melding the two, and not by an arbitrary preference for either as "the original." It is the first sentence which is in error. (2) Furthermore, the circumstance of this murder's having taken place between the altar and the sanctuary is not mentioned in 2Chronicles, where the murder was described as occurring "in the court of the house of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 24:21). The final procurement of the loaves = God's eventual response to his children's prayers. See under Luke 11:4.  Everett F. Harrison, op. This Pharisee was doubtless hailed by his peers as wise; the arrogant fool of Psalms 14:1 was probably considered unconventional and daring; the man who built on the sand (Matthew 7:26) was probably a respected contractor; the rich farmer who mistook his body for his soul (Luke 12:20) probably had a high social status; and the foolish virgins of the parable (Matthew 25:1f) were without doubt the cream of their society.  Flavius Josephus, Life and Works, translated by William Whiston (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston), p. 755.  J. W. McGarvey, Commentary on Matthew and Mark (Delight, Arkansas: The Gospel Light Publishing Company, 1875), p. 202. The following analogies are by Dummelow:. This is not a declaration that Christ's church, or kingdom, had at this time been established, an event that took place on Pentecost. It is wrong, therefore, to think of prayer as overcoming the reluctance of God.  S. MacLean Gilmour, The Interpreter's Bible (New York: Abingdon Press, 1952), Vol. "When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.' They did the actual killing and you put up a memorial to it.". 16, Luke, p. 303. Prayer was a characteristic habit of the Lord Jesus Christ; and no prayerless person has any kinship whatever with the Saviour. The state "worse than the first" = the hardened secular Israel, as fully expounded in Romans 9-11.SIZE>MONO>LINES>. The appearance of Christ provided the last opportunity for Israel. It is therefore Jesus' "roundabout way of referring to himself "The words are an utterance of Christ himself (Matthew 23:34); Christ's knowledge of the divine counsels is so complete that his utterances are also utterances of the wisdom of God. There is a kind of peace in the heart of an unconverted soul, while the devil, as a strong man armed, keeps it. " This was another in the countless miracles of healing wrought by the Son of God, the marvel of the multitudes suggesting that perhaps the "sons of the Pharisees" had tried in vain to exorcise the evil spirit which was so easily cast out by the Saviour. In the Name of Jesus (John 14:10-14) Commentary → Menu.  Charles L. Childers, op. Evidently, this was a celebrated case. Otherwise, the Pharisee would not have marvelled at what happened. ” “It happened, that when he finished praying in a certain place” (v. 1a). And it came to pass, as he was praying in a certain place, that when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, even as John also taught his disciples. And it came to pass when the demon was gone out, the dumb man spake; and the multitudes marvelled. Spence paraphrased this verse thus: The persons addressed by Jesus as "fools" include an impressive list of the "respectable." Not only would the ancient policy of Israel in rejecting God and raising up a king of their own choice finally reach its climax in that generation; but added to that disaster was the inveterate wickedness of that generation themselves in rejecting the Messiah, bringing a deserved judgment of punishment upon them. Jesus would indeed give them a sign; but it would be of his choosing, not theirs. Although suggestive of the longer list of "woes" recorded in Matthew 23, this is a different list, spoken on another occasion, and under different circumstances. The friend's reluctance = (the apparent) reluctance of God to answer Christians' prayers. Luke 12 Chapter 11 In this chapter, I. Christ teaches his disciples to pray, and quickens and encourages them to be frequent, instant, and importunate in prayer (v. 1-13). When Moses performed great wonders before Pharaoh, and when for a time the magicians duplicated the wonders, then came the plague of lice. Many modern commentators identify this person with "Zechariah, the son of Jehoida (2 Chronicles 24:20,21); and, as 2Chronicles was the last book in the Hebrew arrangement of the Old Testament Scriptures, it is supposed that Jesus referred to Abel, the first victim of murder recorded in Genesis, and coupled it with this example from the last book of the Hebrew Old Testament, thus making these first and last murders an idiomatic summary of all the murders perpetrated by God's enemies. Luke 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. The verse has this meaning: "In spite of your extreme care for the vessels of your table, your whole moral life is unclean and defiled.".
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