This document gives a good overview why and how to conduct a problem tree analysis. (2006): The process can be a useful method in building a community’s awareness (see PPT) of the problem, how they and others contribute to the problem, and how these problems affect their lives. Figure 3: Problem analysis linked to situation analysis: Do we have the technical capacity to implement the actions? CREDD utilized the problem tree as an approach to research design and data collection. Examples of problem trees. The Problem Tree. Analysis of objectives is a methodological approach employed to describe the situation in the future once identified problems have been remedied, depicting the ends and the means in a diagram called “objective tree”. 0 This analysis tool helps the project team get a quick glance of how a range of complex issues contribute toward a problem and how this problem branches out into a set of consequences. Notice that in each example the ultimate social impact is expressed as a change, an increase or a decrease. Both causes and consequences are fitted into the diagram on a hierarchical preference basis. Causes: Continuing to use reasonable access to clean water as an example, you might prompt exploration of causes by Decision tree uses the tree representation to solve the problem in which each leaf node corresponds to a class label and attributes are represented on the internal node of the tree. Typical questions that should be asked and answered are: can/should we tackle all the problems identified? What would be more beneficial for the target groups? Once completed, the problem tree represents a summary picture of the existing negative situation. h�b```��:~�ʰ !�&�U}�OLv1�.\������&�_8�4/�E���o�5�oR��P���x�㇜�烫 P���Z��v�U�m�c`�Ҍ@$` �H� Problems with sanitation services have led to the…, Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation (CLUES), The Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation (CLUES) approach presents comprehensive guidelines for the planning and implementation of…, Financial Sustainability of WASH Services, Financing WASH Services sustainably – in the sense of securing service delivery after implementation – has proven to be a challenge. But decision trees do provide general frameworks for determining solutions to problems, and for managing the realized consequences of major decisions. These Guidelines have been prepared to support ongoing improvements in the quality of EC development assistance. SWEP is a network of organizations joining hands to help entrepreneurs design and develop lasting water and sanitation businesses. Leonellha Barreto Dillon (seecon international gmbh), The problem can be broken down into manageable and definable chunks. A properly planned project is addressing the real needs of the beneficiaries and is therefore based upon a correct and complete analysis of the existing situation. h�bbd``b`Z$[AD!�`}$���� ٽ �����v�X1 �@�;H\J02� Y���ӿ �" They can be used to solve both regression and classification problems. %PDF-1.5 %���� After having decided about the desired future situation, possible interventions have to be selected in order to determine the scope of the project, i.e. Appropriate consultation will help to consider priorities, assess how realistic the achievements of some objectives might be and identify additional means that might be required to achieve the desired ends. Objective Tree: Following the problem tree analysis, it is possible to rephrase each of the problems into positive desirable outcomes – as if the problem had already been treated, the problem can be turned into an objectives tree. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 123 0 R/StructTreeRoot 22 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 127 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 128 0 obj <>stream There are three stages in this analytic process: (1) the identification of the negative aspects of an existing situation with their “causes and effects” in a problem tree, (2) the inversion of the problems into objectives leading into an objective tree, and (3) the decision of the scope of the project in an analysis of strategies.