This is aimed to identify causal explanations of social entities existing in reality with/without being concerned of social actors associated with the entities. Direct realism explains what is experienced by our senses and that are attained by the researcher. You need to discuss the implications of your research philosophy on the research strategy in general and the choice of. On the other hand, the critical realism expresses that what is experienced by our sensations those are images of the real world, not the reality. 1 below. Application of Research Philosophy in research. Positivists prefer to collect data about an observable reality and search for regularities and causal relationships in your data to create law-like generalizations whereas interpretivists intend to grasp the subjective meaning of social action in order to conduct research methodology. We start by preparing a layout to explain our scope of work. The interpretation regarding employee turnover of HR manager and trade union leader are completely different as they both belong to different social roles. The reasons behind philosophical classifications of the study need to be provided. The researcher would study the literature which is based on previous studies based on which identify factors; like the importance of flexi working, types of flexi-working, increased rate of flexi-working and future of flexi-working and develop hypotheses have been developed like the influence of flexi-working to our socio-economic life; influence of regular work life to the women’s family life; influence of flexi-working to the economic life of the flexi-worker. In fact as Guba & Lincoln, (1982) have propounded, philosophical paradigm within research hold utmost importance, as it is the “basic belief system or world view that guides the investigation” (p. 105). methods research is a ―third wave,‖ or third research movement that moves past paradigm wars by offering a logical and practical alternative. 3.2 Research Philosophy A research philosophy is a belief about the way in which data about a phenomenon should be gathered, analysed and used. Research philosophy is classified as ontology, epistemology and axiology. Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. So we can say that the qualitative research is based on interpretivism and quantitative research is based on positivism. For example, in the organization, all the stakeholders’ approach is different and they act according to their interpretation. The inductive approach is commonly referred to when theory is dervive from observations. “Methodology is the philosophical framework within which the research is conducted or the foundation upon which the research is based” (Brown, 2006). It is classified on the basis of objectivism and subjectivism. She is currently working on her doctoral research on “People diversity in hotel industry”. Thus, the research begins with a specific observation and measures. Research strategy is approached on the basis of data collection and hypothesis development. PositivismInterpretivismThe observer interacts with subject being showed.Problems as a whole are clearly understood if the totality of the situation is projected. In simple terms, a research philosophy is belief about the ways in which data about a phenomenon should be collected, … As it is illustrated in figure below, the identification of the research philosophy is positioned at the outer layer of the ‘research onion, accordingly it is the first topic to be clarified in research methodology chapter of your dissertation. Research is not conducted in a vacuum: it is framed within a research paradigm (Henning et al., 2004:12), viewed through the lens of a particular mindset and constructed using specific ap- … The observer is independent of what is being presented. Each stage of the research process is based on assumptions about the sources and the nature of knowledge. The issue of difference is emphasized on the difference between conducting research among people rather than objects such as medicines and computer. Guha Thakurta, Susweta, and Priya Chetty "Understanding research philosophy". But the researcher and the respective organization must consider the ethical perspective of this issue for the welfare of the consumers. Application of scientific method in understanding and explaining social world AugusteComte (SOCIOLOGIST) “Positive philosophy” of science held that ONLY through objective, scientific method we could understand and solve society’s problems, and make progress toward enlightenment.
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