As a larger share of the population goes in for a highly individualizing and subjective Romanticism, Karen is challenging us to think about the role of religious institutions in shaping society. Durkheim viewed … Perhaps the most important function of religion was disciplinary. Religious rites are performed on many occasions as “birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interest and with political institutions.” Religion is the central element in the life of civilization. In its positive form religion provides a model for living. TOS 7. Like other worthy organizations and causes, religious people and institutions deserve to be heard in the public sphere — neither religious nor secular voices should be silenced. Love and service are two great teachings of religion. Such kind of assurance drains off much discontent and members are encouraged to continue to play their part in society. There is a limit to which society can go, guided by sheer rationality. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. The priests also fulfilled the functions of scholars and scientists. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. It has been a powerful agency in society and performed many important social functions. Max Weber was of the view that religion also influences the economic system of the believers. Science and technology cannot create these values. Religion expands one’s self to infinite proportions. As Selbit puts it: “It is not that the sacred society or church becomes or takes the place of God, but rather that man finds that he can best approach his God as he does so in fellowship, with others, as a member of a community which exists to secure the end for which God stands.” According to Arnold W. Green, religion has three universal functions. The social institution that religion is often fulfills the social role of helping a community deal with tragedies and even individual families deal with personal tragedies which are not of broad scope, such as a death in the family, or a house burning down. The scriptures—Ramayan, Bhagvad Gita, Quran and Bible are great literary works and storehouse of knowledge. Religion promotes social solidarity: Religion gives rise to the spirit of brotherhood. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Thus, according to him, capitalism grew in the protestant nations like England, U.S.A. and Holland. Provides Rites of Passage 5. People of faith and religious-based institutions continue to play an important role in shaping social and moral issues through proper democratic channels. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. Religion as a Source of Identity 8. Religion is the ultimate source of social cohesion. Image Guidelines 5. The desire to laud and please gods has led people to extol them in song, sculpture, painting and architecture. Religion serves to soothe the emotions of man in times of his suffering and disappointments and contributes to the integration of his personality. It did not grow in Italy and Spain where the people are Catholics. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. 2) The church and the poor. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Blackmar and Gillin have strongly defended religion emphasizing its great socializing value and its value as a means of control in society, primitive as well as civilized. Hence materialism could not grow in India. Content Guidelines 2. In this way religion gives release from sorrow and release from fear. It has also emphasized benevolence and forbearance. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Religious Behaviour Cannot be Subjected to Scientific Explanation. Like other worthy organizations and causes, religious people and institutions deserve to be heard in the public sphere — neither religious nor secular voices should be silenced. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Religion assures man a greater reward in the afterlife as a compensation for worldly failures. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class, the priesthood often dedicated to art and culture. Vast temples like Tirupati and Mahabaleshwar, mosques like Jama Masjid, cathedrals like Roman Church, and artistic images of Gods and Godesses like Vishnu and Durga express man’s desire to portray his conceptions of the supernatural in aesthetic and inspiring ways. The fortitude and equanimity with which deeply religious people are known to endure the most colossal misfortune and suffering constitute one of the principal exhibits of the power of religious beliefs and practices. They make certain acts not only offences against society but against God as well. It was religion alone which was responsible for subordinating barbaric anarchy and for teaching reverence and obedience. Religion as Emotional Support 6. Magic supplied the roots of observation and experimentation from which science developed. This friendship function of religion is a vital service to adults and youth as well. He is an emotional creature as well. We contend that the freedoms guaranteed by the constitution should be used by all groups, and it seems like religious schools in the US are doing so, adopting the nonprofit form in many ways. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. The sacred writings stimulate and appreciation of beautiful prose and poetry. Rewards or punishments follow approved or disapproved actions. Explains individual suffering: Man does not live by knowledge alone. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Religion can help our youth to become moral, disciplined and socialized citizens of society. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men, people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. Though religion is a highly personal thing, yet it has a social aspect and social role to play. Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Report a Violation, Religion: The Meaning and Functions of Religion. Sabith Khan PhD and Shariq Siddiqui PhD, JD discuss religious schools and the role they play in the US.. Education is a multifaceted topic that involves the government, private sector as well as nonprofits. The religious congregations serve as a place for men to find their mates and for friendly association. Unarguably religion has been a significant aspect of our society and culture since the beginning of human civilisation. Religion And The Role Of Religion In Contemporary Society 909 Words | 4 Pages. These social values are never scientifically demonstrated but emanate from religious faith. It enables the individual to interpret any catastrophe as intermediate and secondary. Religion has served humanity through the spreading of education. Religion and religious-based institutions help to shape the framework of society and helps to protect the right to religious freedom.
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