Oregano plants can be started from seeds, divisions, or cuttings. Oregano (US: /ɔːˈrɛɡənoʊ, ə-/, UK: /ˌɒrɪˈɡɑːnoʊ/; Origanum vulgare) is a flowering plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae). Oregano has purple flowers and spade-shaped, olive-green leaves. Oregano is a perennial herb, growing from 20–80 cm (7.9–31.5 in) tall, with opposite leaves 1–4 cm (0.39–1.57 in) long.  There, it is most frequently used with roasted, fried, or grilled vegetables, meat, and fish. Cut sprigs for use. Oregano combines well with spicy foods popular in southern Italy. Cultivars traded as Italian, Sicilian, etc. If your soil is moist with lots of organic matter, oregano will not perform as well as it does in lighter, dryer soil that is typically well-drained. It is sometimes called wild marjoram, and its close relative, O. majorana, is known as sweet marjoram. Oregano has purple flowers and spade-shaped, olive-green leaves. Few pests bother oregano, but keep an eye out for spider mites and aphids. Where to Grow Oregano.  Oregano essential oil is extracted from the leaves of the oregano plant. Varieties of oregano plants can be perennial ground covers, tender perennials, or even small perennial subshrubs. Do not overwater oregano. As a perennial, oregano is often grown for 3–4 years but in northern climates where the temperature is colder it is often grown as an annual. Oregano can be grown from seeds or clippings, so if you already have some oregano plants, you may want to use clippings instead of buying new seeds. During the summer, generous amounts of dried oregano are often added as the aromatic and flavorful topping to a tomato and cucumber salad in Portugal, but it can be used to season meat and fish dishes as well. Oregano is a perennial plant that has the characteristics of an herb, green and leaflike, with round shaped leaves. Regular trimming will not only cause the plant to branch again, but also avoid legginess. Oregano seeds require some light to germinate, so cover only slightly with soil. Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is an easy-care herb that can be grown indoors or out in the garden. Oregano is a hardy perennial plant that is easy to grow in the home garden. Oregano oil has been used in folk medicine over centuries. The flowers stalks are spiky and may be white, pink, or purple. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Oregano will grow in a pH range between 6.0 (mildly acidic) and 9.0 (strongly alkaline), with a preferred range between 6.0 and 8.0. are usually hardy sweet marjoram (O. Do not add compost or fertilizer to its growing area. , Oregano contains polyphenols, including numerous flavones. The genus is native to the Mediterranean and West Asia, but Oregano vulgare has naturalized in many areas, including the eastern United States. Choose between seeds or clippings. Water thoroughly only after the soil is dry to the touch. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Oregano: Learn How to Grow, Dry, and Use the Popular Herb, 6 Beautiful Herbs For Gardens and Containers, How to Grow Sweet Marjoram in Your Kitchen Garden. Among the chemical compounds contributing to the flavour are carvacrol, thymol, limonene, pinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene.. Factors such as climate, season, and soil composition may affect the aromatic oils present, and this effect may be greater than the differences between the various species of plants. Unless you are growing it only for ornamental reasons, the best option for choosing oregano is to taste and smell it. In barbecue and kebab restaurants,[clarification needed] it can be usually found as a condiment, together with paprika, salt, and pepper. Most oregano varieties need full sun, however, the golden oregano variety does best in partial shade; its leaves tend to scorch in full sun. Cuban oregano (Plectranthus amboinicus), also known as Spanish thyme, is a member of the mint family. Oregano doesn’t need quite as much water as most herbs. Allow oregano plants to grow to about 4 inches tall and then pinch or trim lightly to encourage a denser and bushier plant. In Turkish cuisine, oregano is mostly used for flavoring meat, especially for mutton and lamb. As it is native to hot, arid regions, the oregano plant is perfect for growing in areas prone to drought. Oregano starts as a ground-hugging rosette of leaves, but it can easily grow to about two feet tall. Good-quality oregano may be strong enough almost to numb the tongue, but cultivars adapted to colder climates may have a lesser flavor.  X Research source Clippings should only be taken from established plants.  This is a compound Greek term that consists of ὄρος (óros) meaning "mountain", and γάνος (gános) meaning "brightness", thus, "brightness of the mountain". Some varieties have fuzzy leaves, others not. Many subspecies and strains of oregano have been developed by humans over centuries for their unique flavours or other characteristics. History Since oregano was originally grown in Greece, it was first used by the Greeks. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Cutting stems all the way back to the ground will encourage more stems from the base and a fuller plant. The related species, Origanum onites (Greece, Turkey) and O. syriacum (West Asia), have similar flavours. Oregano is a must-have in a culinary garden. Although oregano or its oil may be used as a dietary supplement, there is no clinical evidence to indicate that either has any effect on human health. Oregano can be grown anywhere in the United States from root divisions or seed planted early in spring. The herb is widely used in cuisines of the Mediterranean Basin and Latin America, especially in Argentine cuisine. Many herbs are considered weeds and most are not particular about the soil in which they grow. You can also divide plants simply to make more plants. Do not add compost or fertilizer to its growing area. The herb has long been an essential ingredient of Mediterranean cooking and is widely used to season many foods. Oregano is no exception—it will grow in soil that is only moderately fertile. Large amounts of nutrients, such as nitrogen, can change the flavor of this herb. The stems tend to get woody and the easiest way to strip the leaves is to hold the stem by the top, uncut end and run your finger down the stem.
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